Review Article

Protocols of Standard of Care for Adult Patients with Primary Antibody Deficiencies Will Improve Timing of Diagnosis, Survival, and Quality of Life

Guidelines and Protocols of Care for Patients with PAD


The majority of primary immunodeficiencies (PIDs) are antibody deficiencies (PADs), and not all of them are rare diseases; As an example, Caucasian individuals suffer from selective IgA deficiency at a frequency of 1:500.
In addition to infections, symptomatic patients with PAD are more likely to develop neoplastic, autoimmune, and allergic diseases. In the event that PAD is neglected or delayed for more than ten years, complications develop, eventually resulting in death. No studies have been conducted to devise and report detailed ready-to-use protocols for managing PAD to date.
This study aimed to propose protocols and guidelines for the adult PAD patients’ standard care. Preparing the protocol, we considered the frequency and type of laboratory tests, imaging, endoscopic examinations, specialist consultations, and standardized recommendations for further care in the place of residence. 
As a result of the proposed monitoring scheme, patients can be provided with complete care in terms of their underlying conditions and comorbidities, as well as early detection of complications. This protocol will serve as a guide for physicians dealing with these patients and enable comparisons of patient groups across a variety of treatment centers, even far away from each other. A national consultant in the field of clinical immunology verified the protocol mainly developed by Polish experts from reference immunology centres for adults. 


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IssueVol 21 No 4 (2022) QRcode
SectionReview Article(s)
Adult Clinical protocols Guideline adherence Primary immunodeficiency diseases Standard of care

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Napiórkowska-Baran K, Więsik-Szewczyk E, Ziętkiewicz M, Matyja-Bednarczyk A, Kołtan S, Bąkowska-Kocik N, Rosada T, Baranowska K, Alska E, Tykwińska M, Szynkiewicz E, Zacniewski R, Bartuzi Z. Protocols of Standard of Care for Adult Patients with Primary Antibody Deficiencies Will Improve Timing of Diagnosis, Survival, and Quality of Life. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2022;21(4):374-387.