Listeria Monocytogenes Protein Fraction Induces Dendritic Cells Maturation and T helper 1 Immune Responses


Fully mature dendritic cells (DCs) play pivotal role in inducing immune responses and converting naïve T lymphocytes into functional Th1 cells. We aimed to evaluate Listeria Monocytogenes-derived protein fractions to induce DC maturation and stimulating T helper (Th)1 immune responses.
In the present study, we fractionated Listeria Monocytogenes-derived proteins by adding of ammonium sulfate in a stepwise manner. DCs were also generated from C57BL/6 mice bone marrow precursor cells. Then, the effects of protein fractions on bone marrow derived DC (BMDC) maturation were evaluated. In addition, we assessed the capacity of activated DCs to induce cytokine production and proliferation of lymphocytes.
Listeria-derived protein fractions induced fully mature DCs expressing high costimulatory molecules such as CD80, CD86 and CD40. DCs that were activated by selected F3 fraction had low capacity to uptake exogenous antigens while secreted high levels of Interleukine (IL)-12. Moreover, lymphocytes cultured with activated BMDCs produced high amounts of IFN-γ  and  showed  higher  proliferation  than  control.  Listeria derived protein  fractions differently influenced DC maturation.
In conclusion, Listeria protein activated-BMDCs can be used as a cell based vaccine to induce anti-tumor immune responses.

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Dendritic cells Interferon gamma Interleukin-12 Listeria Monocytogenes

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Saei A, Boghozian R, Mirzaei R, Jamali A, Vaziri B, Hadjati J. Listeria Monocytogenes Protein Fraction Induces Dendritic Cells Maturation and T helper 1 Immune Responses. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1;13(1):1-10.