Prevalence of Asthma Symptoms in 13-14-Year-Old Adolescents in Karaj

  • Marzieh Tavakol ORCID GS PM Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Seyde Marzie Fatemi Abhari ORCID GS PM Department of Pediatrics, Imam Ali Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Fatemeh Moosaie ORCID GS PM School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Mina Rasmi ORCID GS PM Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Mahmood Bakhtiyari ORCID GS PM Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Leila Keikavoosi-Arani ORCID GS PM Department of Healthcare Services Management, School of Health and Research Center for Health, Safety and Environment, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Kiomars Poorrostami ORCID GS PM Department of Pediatrics, Imam Ali Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • Homa Sadri ORCID GS PM Mail Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran AND Department of Pediatrics, Imam Ali Hospital, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
Keywords:
Asthma, Child, Iran, Prevalence

Abstract

Asthma is the most common chronic inflammatory respiratory disorder in children. This study was designed to assess the prevalence of asthma in 13-14-year-old adolescents in Karaj, Alborz province in Iran, using the international study of asthma and allergies in childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Totally 950 adolescents attending 40 schools located in 4 regions of Karaj city were enrolled in the survey. The Persian version of the ISAAC questionnaire was filled by 13-14-year-old students. Multi-stage clustered random sampling was used to divide the city of Karaj into four educational districts. Ever wheezing was reported in 22% of the individuals; 10.52% claimed to have wheeze in the last 12 months and 22.73% had during or after exercise. The experience of wheezing in the last 12 months was more prevalent among males (11.73% vs. 9.38%; p<0.05). However, having a history of asthma was higher among males (7.55% vs. 3.47%; p<0.05). History of hospitalization (60.8%), family history of asthma (49.4%), and history of food allergy (42.3%) were found to be the most frequent characteristics significantly associated with" ever wheezing" (p<0.05). The prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months, as a major index of current asthma, was 10% which was close to the national average. However, nocturnal cough and exercise-induced wheezing were higher in Karaj compared to other cities of Iran; which could be related to the high level of air pollution in this industrial area.

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Published
2020-12-19
How to Cite
1.
Tavakol M, Abhari SM, Moosaie F, Rasmi M, Bakhtiyari M, Keikavoosi-Arani L, Poorrostami K, Sadri H. Prevalence of Asthma Symptoms in 13-14-Year-Old Adolescents in Karaj. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 19(6):660-666.
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