High Production of IL-18 by Dendritic Cells Induced by Sera from Patients with Primary Antibody Deficiency


Predominantly antibody deficiencies are a category of primary immunodeficiency diseases, which
consist of several rare disorders such as common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) and X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA). We evaluated the effects of CVID and XLA patients’ sera as a source of microenviromental factors on maturation and function of monocyte-derived DCs.
Blood was collected from 10 CVID and 5 XLA patients before immunoglobulin replacement
therapy and also from 8 healthy volunteers in order to obtain necessary sera for this study. Monocyte derived DCs were generated from blood cells obtained from healthy volunteers in the presence of GM-CSF, IL-4 and 10% serum concentrations from cases and controls. Immature DCs were incubated with monocyte conditioned medium (MCM) and TNF-α in order to generate mature DCs. Interleukin 18 (IL-18) production by CD40L-activated mature DCs was measured after 24 hours of culture in vitro.
IL-18 production by DCs generated in the presence of CVID and XLA patients’ sera were
6.75±2.59 and 7.08±1.75 ng/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than normal serum
conditioned DCs (3.55±0.68) ng/ml.
These results suggest that the sera of patients with predominantly antibody deficiencies may
contain soluble factor(s) that can induce a significant increase in IL-18 production by DCs.
IssueVol 6, No 2 (2007) QRcode
"Common variable immunodeficiency Interleukin-18 X-linked agammaglobulinemia "

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How to Cite
Maryam Nourizadeh, Asghar Aghamohammadi, Seyed Mohammad Moazzeni, Mahdi Mahdavi, Nima Rezaei, Jamshid Hadjati. High Production of IL-18 by Dendritic Cells Induced by Sera from Patients with Primary Antibody Deficiency. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1;6(2):59-65.