Factors Influencing Atopic Dermatitis Incidence in Offspring

  • Siqi Ye Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
  • Xiumei Mo Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
  • Junfeng Liu Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
  • Fenggen Yan Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
  • Dacan Chen Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China
Keywords: Atopic dermatitis, Factors, Offspring, Prevalence, Primary prevention

Abstract

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, recurrent skin condition resulting from both genetic and environmental factors. In recent decades, the prevalence of AD has increased considerably in some countries. However, given that the role of genetics is unlikely to have changed over this short period, the increased prevalence is more likely to be explained by changes in environmental and maternal factors. The aim of this review is to comprehensively summarize the various factors impacting AD incidence in offspring and provide guidance for primary prevention. Recent research has demonstrated that environmental and climate factors, maternal history of allergies, gestational diabetes, and stress play essential roles in increasing the risk of AD in infants. Some factors have protective effects against the incidence of AD, including probiotic supplementation, fish intake, and moisturizers. This review also considers fundamental research into AD prevalence and factors that in the past were mistakenly thought to affect that prevalence, such as caesarean section and antigen avoidance. The potential influence of these factors on infant AD incidence remains inconclusive and needs further study. Furthermore, infants with a family history of atopic disease may benefit from early weaning or reduced breastfeeding duration.

Author Biographies

Siqi Ye, Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China

Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of
Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China

Dacan Chen, Department of Dermatology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, China

Department of Dermatology, the 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou

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Published
2019-08-17
How to Cite
1.
Ye S, Mo X, Liu J, Yan F, Chen D. Factors Influencing Atopic Dermatitis Incidence in Offspring. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 18(4):347-357.
Section
Review Article(s)