ADVERSE EFFECTS OF INTRAVENOUS IMMUNOGLOBULIN THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH ANTIBODY DEFICIENCY

  • A. Aghamohammadi
  • A. Farhoudi
  • M. Moin
  • Zahra Pourpak
  • N. Rezaei
  • M. Nikzad
  • M. Movahedi
  • M. Gharagozlou
  • Lida Atarod
  • Akefeh Ahmadi Afshar
  • Nasrin Bazargan
  • K. Abolmaali Maryam Mahmoudi
Keywords: Infusion, Adverse effects, Hypogammaglobulinemia,

Abstract

Long-term intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) infusion is an effective treatment for children with humoral immunodeficiencies, already be complicated by systemic ad¬verse effects. In order to determine the adverse effects of intravenous immunoglobulin inpatients with antibody deficiency, 45 immunodeficientpatients receiving intravenous immunoglobulin were studied during a 36-month period at Children's Medical Center. The investigated group included 25 patients with common variable immunodeficiency, 14 patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia and 6 patients with IgG subclass defi¬ciency. A total of fifty adverse effects occurred through 955 infusions (5.2%). The most frequent immediate adverse effects were mild (40 infusions out of 955) in 22 cases, including: chills, flushing, fever, nausea and headache. Three patients experienced mod¬erate effects (10 infusions out of 955) such as rash, severe headache, joint pain and chest tightness. None of the effects was anaphylactic type. It can be concluded that intravenous immunoglobulin is generally a well-tolerated medical agent for patients with antibody deficiency, but all patients should be monitored by a physician who is familiar with its indications, risks, adverse effects and their appropriate management.
How to Cite
1.
A. Aghamohammadi, A. Farhoudi, M. Moin, Zahra Pourpak, N. Rezaei, M. Nikzad, M. Movahedi, M. Gharagozlou, Lida Atarod, Akefeh Ahmadi Afshar, Nasrin Bazargan, K. Abolmaali Maryam Mahmoudi. ADVERSE EFFECTS OF INTRAVENOUS IMMUNOGLOBULIN THERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH ANTIBODY DEFICIENCY. Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2(3):121-126.
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